Every new parent hopes that their child’s health will be free from all health complications, but many diseases have been shown to afflict many newborns on a regular basis. This article will discuss five common diseases of newborns and give the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for each.

Rotavirus is a viral infection found in infants and young children. Symptoms of the disease include diarrhea, vomiting, nausea and fever. The virus works by attacking the lining of the small intestine. This can lead to dehydration due to excessive loss of fluid and electrolytes. These symptoms usually last three to ten days. Children infected with rotavirus are contagious for 10 to 12 days after the first signs of diarrhea. Home remedies include rest and taking special electrolyte replacement products. Examples of these include gastrolyte, pedialyte and plamalyte.

Thrush is an infection caused by a yeast called Candida albicans. It is also called candidiasis or candidiasis, but usually these terms describe the appearance of an infection (C. albicans) in adults. Thrush usually enters the body when the immune system is in a weakened state. Newborn babies are especially susceptible to infections such as thrush. Two specific causes of thrush are a reaction to antibiotics and transmission from a mother with a yeast infection. The main symptom of thrush is the appearance of painful white lesions on the inside of the mouth. When thrush or yeast infection is diagnosed, both mother and baby should be treated. Infections are usually treated with nystatin.

Cradle cap is a common scalp and skin condition caused by the scalp producing too much oil. Symptoms include flaky, scaly, or greasy crusts on the baby’s scalp, ears, or eyebrows. Cradle caps can be dealt with by first loosening the crust. Using baby oil, mineral oil, or olive oil, gently rub the crust for ten minutes, then wash your hair with shampoo. Comb your hair in one direction with a baby comb, carefully removing scabbed residue as you go. Then, you should wash your child’s hair 3 times a week for the first three weeks after treatment. After that, use an anti-dandruff shampoo once a week until the cradle cap is completely gone. If the condition worsens or starts to look infected, you should contact your pediatrician immediately.

Cat scratch fever is a bacterial infection caused by the microorganism Bartonella hensii. It is usually caused by scratches or bites by cats or kittens. Symptoms of cat scratch infection include small papules that form as the wound heals. These pimples can last up to a month. Your baby’s lymph nodes may be swollen and tender. Other symptoms include headache, fever, loss of appetite and fatigue. If you suspect that your child has cat scratch fever, you should contact your pediatrician immediately. You can take precautions by carefully cleaning your cat’s scratches and bites with soap and water.

Like thrush, ringworm is a fungal infection of the skin. It usually affects the scalp in a condition called tinea capitis. When a fungal infection appears on the body, it is called jock itch. Symptoms of a ringworm infection in infants include coin-sized scaly plaques. These rashes can be dry or moist and usually stop growing when they reach an inch in diameter. Ringworm on the scalp may look like bald patches or scaly patches with hair falling out in the middle. Ringworm is sometimes inappropriately confused with cradle cap. Treatment of ringworm should begin with a consultation with your pediatrician. He or she will most likely recommend an over-the-counter antifungal cream. Further prevention of reinfection involves carefully washing your baby’s bedding until the infection is completely clear.

The presence of any of these disorders will be of concern to any parent. Thankfully, every symptom can be addressed and cured by just paying attention to the symptoms, consulting a pediatrician, and treating them carefully. With patience and care, you will be able to regain the joy of nourishing a healthy newborn.

Copyright © Safe-Baby.net 2006.

Leave a Reply

The cookie settings on this website are set to 'allow all cookies' to give you the very best experience. Please click Accept Cookies to continue to use the site.